Identity:  Identity refers to the unique quality of sound of a scale, interval, or chord expressed with letters or symbols. These harmonic identities must have an


Augmented: to make larger. An augmented interval is a half-step larger than a normal interval, with a recommended identifier, ‘#’; ‘#4’ for an

Compound Symbols

Compound Symbols Theorists and their publishers use compound symbols with impunity and without explanation. It creates symbols that cannot be justified, and no

Conventions used in analyses

Conventions Used in the Analyses Notes are enclosed with singe quotation mark to differentiate between a note vs. an article; ‘A’ major triad


Tonic the basic note, scale, or chord of a key, expressed with a Roman numeral, ‘I’ or arabic’1’. Functional Names of Scale Degrees

Music Theory

Music Theory an academic exercise, not of practical relevance; of only theoretical interest. See ‘academic’. Functional Names of Scale Degrees

Figured bass

Figured bass A system developed during the Baroque period (1600-1750), that was a ‘short hand’ way of indicating intervals, alterations, and other indications


Jazz a highly developed idiom, and a successor to the ‘Impressionist’ period of the 19th-20th centuries.